An Overview of Brazil’s Legal System

The Brazilian law system derives from the Roman law which was implemented by the Portuguese during the colonial era. The system is based on statutes, codes, and legislation enforced by the federal legislature. Brazil is a federal republic formed by the indissoluble union of states, the Federal District, and municipalities. The 1988 Constitution organizes the country into 26 federate states that have the autonomy to implement their own laws and Constitutions. Their power is however restricted by the principles stipulated in the Federal Constitution.

The Brazilian government is of made of the Judiciary, the Legislative and the Executive; which are harmonious and independent among themselves. The Executive is headed by the President of the Republic, who is directly elected by the citizens and is both the Head of Government and the Chief of State. The Legislative consists of two houses: the Federal Senate (upper house) and the Chamber of Deputies (lower house). The Legislative is made of representatives who are elected by the citizens. The powers of the Judiciary are vested upon the Superior Court of Justice, the Federal Supreme Court, the Regional Federal Courts and Federal Judges. The judiciary also has special courts that handle labor, military and electoral disputes.

Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados Associados

Leite, Tosto e Barros is a Brazilian law firm that is highly specialized in litigation. The firm focuses on the business area especially corporate restructuring, bank contracts, credit recovery, judicial recovery, bankruptcy and acquisition review. The firm has built a great reputation in the field of law thanks to its co-founder Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho.

Ricardo Tosto is a prominent Brazilian lawyer who has represented prominent figures, renowned organizations and the government. He has combined his knowledge of the financial sector and his expertise in the litigation area to represent his clients. Mr. Tosto’s dedication, agility, and expertise have assisted him to tackle even the most complex cases.

Mr. Tosto is a Mackenzie Presbyterian University alumnus who holds a bachelor’s degree in law. He also studied Extension Business Administration at the Armando Alvares Penteado Foundation. He started his career in a local law firm in his home area and advanced to working at major law firms in Brazil. He later co-founded Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados Associados in April 1991.

Hiring an Investment Banking Organization is Critical to Business Success

There is an old saying that states: It pays to prepare. The company that chooses to hire an investment banking organization is wise in doing so. There are many reasons, for certain organizations, to hire an investment banker. The following text provides the reader with reasons why it pays to prepare by way of hiring an investment banking organization.

The general private equity investor reviews more than one-hundred opportunities, for each investment he or she closes. This is to say, such an investor is required to see a new opportunity on a daily basis, especially if he or she wishes to make three to four investments—annually. Such an individual, not only glances at an investment opportunity; he or she reviews the investment opportunity closely. The reason it is necessary to scrutinize each opportunity so fully is the fact that one humongous bad investment mistake may cost the private equity investor his or her career. This individual, then, is in the habit of saying no often, and early. He or she, even during the latter stages of the investing process, is still looking for any tell-tale signs which are apt to change the equation of risk/reward. In other words, whether the detail is within the imagination of the investor or is a real sign that there is an issue, any type of unexpected event is naturally going to halt a deal or decrease the offer price. A mistake is quite unfavorable and it is very rare that a second chance exists.

A company, who makes it a point to work with professional persons tied to the investment banking industry, are attaining the services of professional individuals who make it their respective jobs to anticipate circumstances wherein a deal may not close, properly, due to certain conditions, or is possibly desperately re-negotiated. This is to say, individuals within the investment banking industry are experts in the “art of the deal.” The preceding professionals learn from each and every deal which they are involved.

The expert investment banking organization is in a position to share their experience and knowledge with their clients—keeping their clients from learning about possible issues and depleting their financial reserves in the process. The investment banking organization, too, acts as a go-between, with regard to his or her client and the priorities of the investor, especially when preparing for a transaction. The investment banker is the buffer zone; in way of conversations between respective parties.

In summation, a company is not wise to go solo, when introducing his company to the market. Prior to a transaction, the smart organization looks to the services of a trusted financial advisor or that of an investment banker. He or she is also wise to seek the services of a corporation lawyer; and an individual willing to provide him or her with strong advice as to taxes. In the world of negotiation, the smart company is partnered with other significant individuals and acquires the spirit of a team.

When selling a company, the wise business person seeks the advice of the investment banker. The investment banking organization can assist the organization in hitting their target sales price.

Some notes about Martin Lustgarten:

Martin Lustgarten is the Chief Executive Officer of the company he established which is Lustgarten Martin. Mr. Lustgarten has acquired extensive knowledge in way of global investment banking. His goal is to provide his clients with highly favorable results.

Mr. Lustgarten resides with his family inside the region of South Florida, within the United States. His stomping ground is the Miami area.

McDonald’s and Other Fast Food Chains Deal with a Reputation Mishap

Even the “big dogs” in the corporate world have to worry about Major companies could end up losing massive amounts of value if bad publicity spreads. McDonald’s suffered a wicked amount of stock loss when a meat supplying company in China was caught processing expired meat. The stock loss McDonald’s experienced was roughly 6%.
This tale shows the woes companies of all sizes have to face when trying to maintain a solid reputation. McDonald’s was not the only company that relied on the company for meat. KFC and Pizza Hut do as well. The other thing these three companies have in common besides being in the fast food business would be the unfortunate fact they had nothing to do with how the meat processing company operates. The company is a supplier and only a supplier.

No one on any level of management in any position of management would approve or overlook the shipping of expired meat. The processing of expired meat actually victimizes the clients – which are the major corporations! Yes, the end user is at the greatest health risk. People who buy expired meat run the risk of getting very sick. The blame of their condition ends up falling on the company that sold them the meat in their orders. Legally, even though the fast food chains that ordered the meat may not have known it was expired, legal questions about whether they should have known arise. And the companies do have to perform inspections on meat as it arrives for distribution in restaurants.

No one got sick from the meat, but the viral video that emerged of the expired meat being processed put McDonald’s and others into a bad light in the news. A sharp lesson has to be learned here. Businesses must protect their brand name and reputation against things that may occur outside of their control.

All businesses – small and multi-national – must put significant effort into making sure their reputation remains pristine. Monitoring the news and the web for anything negative has to be done on a consistent basis. The minute something negative is published, quick steps should be taken to properly address the scenario.


Inmates Given New Way To File Complaints With Securus

Just as many businesses have upgraded from paper application forms to digital database filing forms, correctional facilities are also starting to move to paperless filing systems. Securus Technologies is now giving inmates an electronic filing system for filling out grievance reports, and processing them all through Securus’s management system. Now guards don’t have to spend as much time carrying and processing paperwork, and prison personnel such as nurses and technicians can get their jobs done quicker. The cost of printers and paper is being dramatically reduced and now administrators have more flexibility to upgrade safety and security measures in their facilities. Watch more on


Securus Technologies has given correctional facilities a high-tech communications infrastructure that has saved money for both inmates and prison staff. Securus instant mail is a system that works a little bit like email, only the contents are scanned before being sent on to the inmate. This system has allowed prisons to scale back on mailroom expenses, and has also diminished the flow of contraband into facilities. Securus has also implemented affordable phone minute options, both as prepay and billing that give inmates and their families an easier time communicating. And when visits become hard to come by, family members can now talk to their incarcerated loved one face to face over video visitation software.


Securus has been in business since 1986, serving the Dallas area and most of Texas, but has expanded its products into other states. Currently, Securus services about 2,600 facilities and is looking to add more. Securus has become accredited by the Better Business Bureau for its outstanding work, and has even brought to light corrupt practices by other prison telecom companies.



Legal Help in Brazil: Ricardo Tosto

Brazil is one of the fastest growing countries in the world today. Many people move to the country in an effort to build a new life or business. However, finding legal help is never easy to do. The good news is that there are a couple of really good lawyers in the area. Ricardo Tosto has been in the legal field for many years. He is a great example of how much a lawyer can positively impact a community. He has helped people in a variety of areas with their legal challenges. If you have a legal issue, it is a good idea to have Ricardo Tosto on your side. This can end up saving you a lot of time and money.

Ricardo Tosto

From an early age, Ricardo Tosto knew that he wanted to help other people in his life. If you are someone who wants to help others, the legal profession is a great field for you. When he first started, Brazil was a very different country than it is today. There are a lot of new laws and regulations that make living in this country a lot easier. If you ever have a legal challenge, Ricardo Tosto has the expertise that you need in order to win your case. There are a lot of people who use his services and highly recommend that you do the same.

Paying for a Lawyer

One of the biggest issues with getting a lawyer is paying for the cost of one. A lot of people do not realize just how expensive it is to hire a really good lawyer in the area. However, not having a good lawyer can end up costing you much more. Ricardo Tosto knows that many of his clients are struggling financially, and that is why he offers a variety of payment plans that can help anyone get out of a bad situation.

Future Plans

In the future, Ricardo Tosto plans to continue to build up his business. There are a lot of people who are looking for ways to take advantage of what is going on in the industry. If you want to change the way that you find legal help, he is a great resource.

Town Residential Releases 2016 Second Quarter Inclusive Report on Manhattan Market

Town Residential, leading New York real estate brokerage company and publisher of The Aggregate released its 2016 Second Quarter Inclusive Manhattan Market Report. The firm has its footprint throughout Manhattan and other areas in NYC providing superior customer service, residential real estate services, and comprehensive knowledge of the neighborhoods. The sources used to analyze condominium and cooperative sale transactions in Manhattan included NYC Department of Finance Sales Report and REBNY Listing Service. Urban Digs Analytics provided all analytics data in The Aggregate residential market analysis. The final report shows comparison of asset classes which comprise of condo, condo cooperative and cooperative apartment sales.

From April through the end of June of 2016, the report revealed trends fluctuated up and down after carefully examining Manhattan neighborhoods individually. There was decrease in luxury new development sales in the second quarter compared to first quarter 2016. Sales decreasing in the market had an effect on inventory levels and days on market, which includes the days between original listing date and date of sale. Condo, condo operative and cooperative apartment sales decreased the second quarter compared to first quarter in average sales price, average price per square-foot, median sales price, and median price per square-foot. When the data is compared to second quarter 2015, there is an increase in average & median sales prices and average & median prices per square-foot.

The Aggregate Manhattan Market Report also analyzed the number of days registered properties stayed on the market until the actual sale date. It revealed real estate properties remained on the market an average of 60 days, which is a five percent increase compared to first quarter 2016 and 18 percent increase compared to second quarter 2015. By the end of June 2015, properties remained on the market no more than 49 days and gradually increased to 57 days the end of March 2016. The report doesn’t indicate that the Manhattan Market is in trouble, but slower than the first quarter. New York City has a promising stable economy, especially with its increase in jobs, employment opportunities and population.

Andrew Heiberger and Joseph Sitt co-founded Town Resident focusing on residential real estate, new development, sales, rentals, and marketing. Town Professional Agents and Executives have previous experience offering rental, marketing, luxury sale, and new development real estate services in NYC. The firm has a team comprising of hundreds of real estate experts in Manhattan neighborhoods with extensive knowledge of market trends and brilliant real estate.

According to the Real Deal (July 27th, 2016), sources are saying Andrew Heiberger recently became the sole owner of Town Residential, after a buyout agreement between the two partners. Each partner had 50 percent ownership rights when the company was established in 2010. The buyout transaction included all of Town’s affiliates; Town Commercial, Town New Development and Town Marketing & Leasing. Town Commercial was organized in 2015 and was the most recent growth strategy of the brokerage firm. Mr. Heiberger is now the Principle, CEO and Chairman of Town Residential and all its affiliates serving the New York City and Manhattan neighborhoods.

Brian Torchin: Healthcare Professional At The Top

Brian Torchin is one of the managing partners of Healthcare Recruitment Counselors. For those who are unfamiliar with the company, Healthcare Recruitment Counselors is a healthcare staffing company. They focus on employment in the healthcare industry.

An experience professional, Brian Torchin and his business provides both search services and “career consultation” to qualified professionals seeking employment in the healthcare industry. Thought by many to be both a positive person and a detail-oriented individual, some sources give him most of the credit for the business’ growth. He reportedly believes in establishing and building upon “long-term relationships” with the company’s clientele.

Torchin and company strive to give not only their employees but their clients what they want as well. He has over 200 customers around the world. His client base includes accounts in the U.S., Asia, Australia, Canada and Europe.

Brian Torchin is also a collaborator. He reportedly believes in teamwork. He works with different organizations and enterprises connected to healthcare. This includes physicians with private practices and even urgent care centers.

He also posts various articles on the company’s official Twitter. The various pieces concern a number of different subjects such as employing a nurse practitioner, the top five tips for hiring the best employees or the best interview questions. Brian Torchin has also been known to blog.

In a previous post he spoke of the healthcare industry. He wrote: “As hospitals work to integrate their services, shrink their total cost of care, raise patient satisfaction and drop their re-admissions, employing or aligning with physicians of all specialties are in hospitals’ sights.”

He concluded: “Staying knowledgeable on competitive compensation trends is important for health systems to be able to attract the talent and services they need to grow and improve, while ensuring compensation is appropriate to maximize financial resources.”

Ever since the company was started, Torchin, a noted team player, has utilized specific types of supervision, consultation and of course expedience. The bottom line has always been to provide his customers quick, efficient, workable solutions. Regardless of his schedule, Brian Torchin is always available to his clientele to provide solutions, fulfill requests or just to answer their questions.